Skip to main content

Who is Choi Hong Hi?


Choi Hong-hi, a South Korean Army General and martial artist, played a crucial role in the history of Taekwondo. However, he remains controversial due to his introduction of Taekwondo in North Korea. Many regard Choi as the "Founder of Taekwon-Do", particularly organizations belonging to the International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF), the first international federation for Taekwondo, which he founded. However, others, such as World Taekwondo, portray Choi as either unimportant or dishonorable in Taekwondo history. His omission from their versions of Taekwondo history or through explicit statements has led to this controversy.

Born on 9 November 1918 in what is now North Korea, Choi claimed that his father sent him to study calligraphy under Han Il-dong, who was "a master of Taekkyeon, the ancient Korean art of foot fighting". However, he later recanted this story and said that he never studied taekkyeon and that it had nothing to contribute to Taekwondo. Choi traveled to Japan, where he studied English, mathematics, and karate. While in Kyoto, he met a fellow Korean named Kim, who was a karate instructor and Choi learned this martial art from him. Choi also learned Shotokan karate under Funakoshi Gichin. Following an argument with a wrestler named Hu, Choi trained extensively in martial arts to defend himself if necessary. He achieved the rank of 1st dan in karate in 1939 and then 2nd dan soon after.

Forced to serve in the Japanese army during World War II, Choi was implicated in a rebellion and imprisoned. Following the war, in January 1946, Choi was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Korean army. Over the years, he received promotions to first lieutenant, captain, major, lieutenant colonel, and then brigadier general. He was promoted to major general in 1954.

Choi combined elements of Taekkyon, Oh Do Kwan Karate, and Tang Soo Do to develop a style of the martial art known as "Taekwondo". He founded the Oh Do Kwan and held an honorary 4th dan ranking in the Chung Do Kwan. However, due to accusations of dishonesty, Choi was stripped of his rank and position in the Chung Do Kwan. ITF Taekwondo organizations credit Choi with starting the spread of Taekwondo internationally by stationing Korean taekwondo instructors around the world. He was also the author of the first English taekwondo syllabus book, "Taekwon-Do," published by Daeha Publication Company in 1965. Despite his significant contributions to the sport, in 1972, Choi went into exile in Canada after the South Korean government objected to his introduction of the sport into North Korea. The South Korean government subsequently formed the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) in 1973, which was renamed to WT in 2018. In 1979, Choi traveled and defected to North Korea, where he was supported by the government in spreading Taekwondo to the world.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=im__3hySi78 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ik-j2Cdbd9U 

 

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Old days Taekwondo full classes (1980s & 1990s)

  Based on the many comments that we get on our social media plat forms, we do notice that thousands of people are missing the old days Taekwondo, including the era training style and also the kyorugi style. We all know that Taekwondo has changed a lot, The training in dojangs is not the same as it was before, even though some schools are sticking to the tradition but they are becoming less and less, because those who are training the old fashioned way are specifically the ones that do not compete in WT events nowadays. The old style training focused more on making strong and powerful fighters, who would use effective techniques in sparring, and we barely see in fancy moves, and we have written an article about a one time use of 540 degree kick in world championships history. Kyorugi is becoming a front leg sparring and almost no fighter start their sparring by a back leg. In other hand, the kicks are softer than before, and head kicks are not causing any knock downs or knock outs, in

Difference between Taekwondo and Karate

   Taekwondo and Karate are both popular martial arts that have originated in East Asia. While they share some similarities, there are also key differences between the two disciplines in terms of their history, techniques, and philosophy. One of the main differences between Taekwondo and Karate lies in their origins. Taekwondo is a Korean martial art that was developed in the mid-20th century, while Karate has its roots in Okinawa, Japan, and was influenced by Chinese martial arts. Taekwondo was officially recognized as a martial art in 1955 and has since become an Olympic sport. On the other hand, Karate has a longer history and has been practiced for centuries. Another key difference between Taekwondo and Karate is in their techniques and focus. Taekwondo places a strong emphasis on kicking techniques, with practitioners spending a significant amount of time practicing kicks such as the front kick, roundhouse kick, and sidekick. In contrast, Karate is known for its emphasis on striki